关于人工智能:ScikitLLM将大语言模型整合进Sklearn的工作流

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咱们以前介绍过 Pandas 和 ChaGPT 整合,这样能够不理解 Pandas 的状况下对 DataFrame 进行操作。当初又有人开源了 Scikit-LLM,它联合了弱小的语言模型,如 ChatGPT 和 scikit-learn。但这个并不是让咱们自动化 scikit-learn,而是将 scikit-learn 和语言模型进行整合,scikit-learn 也能够解决文本数据了。

装置

 pip install scikit-llm

既然要与 Open AI 的模型整合,就须要他的 Key,从 Scikit-LLM 库中导入 SKLLMConfig 模块,并增加 openAI 密钥:

 # importing SKLLMConfig to configure OpenAI API (key and Name)
 fromskllm.configimportSKLLMConfig
 
 # Set your OpenAI API key
 SKLLMConfig.set_openai_key("<YOUR_KEY>")
 
 # Set your OpenAI organization (optional)
 SKLLMConfig.set_openai_org("<YOUR_ORGANIZATION>")

ZeroShotGPTClassifier

通过整合 ChatGPT 不须要专门的训练就能够对文本进行分类。ZeroShotGPTClassifier,就像任何其余 scikit-learn 分类器一样,应用非常简单。

 # importing zeroshotgptclassifier module and classification dataset
 fromskllmimportZeroShotGPTClassifier
 fromskllm.datasetsimportget_classification_dataset
 
 # get classification dataset from sklearn
 X, y=get_classification_dataset()
 
 # defining the model
 clf=ZeroShotGPTClassifier(openai_model="gpt-3.5-turbo")
 
 # fitting the data
 clf.fit(X, y)
 
 # predicting the data
 labels=clf.predict(X)

Scikit-LLM 在后果上通过了非凡解决,确保响应只蕴含一个无效的标签。如果响应短少标签,它还能够进行填充,依据它在训练数据中呈现的频率为你抉择一个标签。

对于咱们本人的带标签的数据,只须要提供候选标签的列表,代码是这个样子的:

 # importing zeroshotgptclassifier module and classification dataset
 fromskllmimportZeroShotGPTClassifier
 fromskllm.datasetsimportget_classification_dataset
 
 # get classification dataset from sklearn for prediction only
 
 X, _=get_classification_dataset()
 
 # defining the model
 clf=ZeroShotGPTClassifier()
 
 # Since no training so passing the labels only for prediction
 clf.fit(None, ['positive', 'negative', 'neutral'])
 
 # predicting the labels
 labels=clf.predict(X)

MultiLabelZeroShotGPTClassifier

多标签也相似

 # importing Multi-Label zeroshot module and classification dataset
 fromskllmimportMultiLabelZeroShotGPTClassifier
 fromskllm.datasetsimportget_multilabel_classification_dataset
 
 # get classification dataset from sklearn 
 X, y=get_multilabel_classification_dataset()
 
 # defining the model
 clf=MultiLabelZeroShotGPTClassifier(max_labels=3)
 
 # fitting the model
 clf.fit(X, y)
 
 # making predictions
 labels=clf.predict(X)

创立 MultiLabelZeroShotGPTClassifier 类的实例时,指定要调配给每个样本的最大标签数量(这里:max_labels=3)

数据没有没有标签怎么办?能够通过提供候选标签列表来训练没有标记数据的分类器。y 的类型应该是 List[List[str]]。上面是一个没有标记数据的训练示例:

 # getting classification dataset for prediction only
 X, _=get_multilabel_classification_dataset()
 
 # Defining all the labels that needs to predicted
 candidate_labels= [
     "Quality",
     "Price",
     "Delivery",
     "Service",
     "Product Variety"
 ]
 
 # creating the model
 clf=MultiLabelZeroShotGPTClassifier(max_labels=3)
 
 # fitting the labels only
 clf.fit(None, [candidate_labels])
 
 # predicting the data
 labels=clf.predict(X)

文本向量化

文本向量化是将文本转换为数字的过程,Scikit-LLM 中的 GPTVectorizer 模块,能够将一段文本 (无论文本有多长) 转换为固定大小的一组向量。

 # Importing the necessary modules and classes
 fromsklearn.pipelineimportPipeline
 fromsklearn.preprocessingimportLabelEncoder
 fromxgboostimportXGBClassifier
 
 # Creating an instance of LabelEncoder class
 le=LabelEncoder()
 
 # Encoding the training labels 'y_train' using LabelEncoder
 y_train_encoded=le.fit_transform(y_train)
 
 # Encoding the test labels 'y_test' using LabelEncoder
 y_test_encoded=le.transform(y_test)
 
 # Defining the steps of the pipeline as a list of tuples
 steps= [('GPT', GPTVectorizer()), ('Clf', XGBClassifier())]
 
 # Creating a pipeline with the defined steps
 clf=Pipeline(steps)
 
 # Fitting the pipeline on the training data 'X_train' and the encoded training labels 'y_train_encoded'
 clf.fit(X_train, y_train_encoded)
 
 # Predicting the labels for the test data 'X_test' using the trained pipeline
 yh=clf.predict(X_test)

文本摘要

GPT 十分善于总结文本。在 Scikit-LLM 中有一个叫 GPTSummarizer 的模块。

 # Importing the GPTSummarizer class from the skllm.preprocessing module
 from skllm.preprocessing import GPTSummarizer
 
 # Importing the get_summarization_dataset function
 from skllm.datasets import get_summarization_dataset
 
 # Calling the get_summarization_dataset function
 X = get_summarization_dataset()
 
 # Creating an instance of the GPTSummarizer
 s = GPTSummarizer(openai_model='gpt-3.5-turbo', max_words=15)
 
 # Applying the fit_transform method of the GPTSummarizer instance to the input data 'X'.
 # It fits the model to the data and generates the summaries, which are assigned to the variable 'summaries'
 summaries = s.fit_transform(X)

须要留神的是,max_words 超参数是对生成摘要中单词数量的灵便限度。尽管 max_words 为摘要长度设置了一个粗略的指标,但摘要器可能偶然会依据输出文本的上下文和内容生成略长的摘要。

总结

ChaGPT 的火爆使得泛化模型有了更多的提高,这种提高也给咱们日常的应用带来了微小的改革,Scikit-LLM 就将 LLM 整合进了 Scikit 的工作流,如果你有趣味,这里是源码:

https://avoid.overfit.cn/post/9ba131a01d374926b6b7efff97f61c45

作者:Fareed Khan

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