关于java:SpringBoot-整合-Minio-上传文件

Minio

上传文件如果不应用云服务的话,须要本地搭建,个别抉择 FastDFS 然而 FastDFS 装置比较复杂,明天理解一款装置应用更简略的存储系统 MinIO

MinIO 是一款高性能、分布式的对象存储系统. 它是一款软件产品, 能够100%的运行在规范硬件。即X86等低成本机器也可能很好的运行MinIO。

MinIO与传统的存储和其余的对象存储不同的是:它一开始就针对性能要求更高的公有云规范进行软件架构设计。因为MinIO一开始就只为对象存储而设计。所以他采纳了更易用的形式进行设计,它能实现对象存储所须要的全副性能,在性能上也更加强劲,它不会为了更多的业务性能而斗争,失去MinIO的易用性、高效性。 这样的后果所带来的益处是:它可能更简略的实现局有弹性伸缩能力的原生对象存储服务。

MinIO在传统对象存储用例(例如辅助存储,劫难复原和归档)方面表现出色。同时,它在机器学习、大数据、公有云、混合云等方面的存储技术上也自成一家。当然,也不排除数据分析、高性能利用负载、原生云的反对。

在中国:阿里巴巴、腾讯、百度、中国联通、华为、中国移动等等9000多家企业也都在应用MinIO产品

装置 Minio

应用docker装置

拉取镜像

docker pull minio/minio

启动

docker run -p 9000:9000 -p 9001:9001 -d --name minio -v /opt/docker/minio/data:/data -v /opt/docker/minio/config:/root/.minio -e "MINIO_ROOT_USER=minio" -e "MINIO_ROOT_PASSWORD=minio@123456" minio/minio server /data --console-address ":9000" --address ":9001"

应用9000端口 登录控制台

创立存储桶

设置桶权限

创立 Java 客户端

依赖

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
        <scope>test</scope>
        <exclusions>
            <exclusion>
                <groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
                <artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
            </exclusion>
        </exclusions>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-configuration-processor</artifactId>
        <optional>true</optional>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
        <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
        <optional>true</optional>
    </dependency>

    <!-- minio依赖       -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>io.minio</groupId>
        <artifactId>minio</artifactId>
        <version>8.2.1</version>
    </dependency>

    <!-- hutool工具类       -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>cn.hutool</groupId>
        <artifactId>hutool-all</artifactId>
        <version>5.1.2</version>
    </dependency>

    <!-- 压缩图片       -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>net.coobird</groupId>
        <artifactId>thumbnailator</artifactId>
        <version>0.4.8</version>
    </dependency>

    <!--    工具类依赖    -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
        <artifactId>commons-lang3</artifactId>
        <version>3.12.0</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.github.davidcarboni</groupId>
        <artifactId>encrypted-</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.0</version>
    </dependency>

</dependencies>

配置文件

spring:
  application:
    name: minio-demo
  servlet:
    multipart:
      max-file-size: 20MB
      max-request-size: 200MB

server:
  port: 8088

minio:
  endpoint: http://你的ip:9001
  accessKey: minio
  secretKey: minio@123456
  nginxHost: http://你的域名

配置文件配置类

package com.sqm.minio_demo.config;

import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "minio")
@Component
@Data
public class MinioProperties {

    /**
     * 连贯地址
     */
    private String endpoint;
    /**
     * 用户名
     */
    private String accessKey;
    /**
     * 明码
     */
    private String secretKey;
    /**
     * 域名
     */
    private String nginxHost;

}

创立 minio 客户端

package com.sqm.minio_demo.config;

import io.minio.MinioClient;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.EnableConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
@EnableConfigurationProperties(MinioProperties.class)
public class MinioConfig {

    @Autowired
    private MinioProperties minioProperties;

    @Bean
    public MinioClient minioClient(){
        return MinioClient.builder()
                .endpoint(minioProperties.getEndpoint())
                .credentials(minioProperties.getAccessKey(),minioProperties.getSecretKey())
                .build();
    }
}

文件地址返回门路实体类

package com.sqm.minio_demo.entity;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@Data
@NoArgsConstructor
@AllArgsConstructor
public class UploadResponse {

    private String minIoUrl;

    private String nginxUrl;
}

上传文件工具类

package com.sqm.minio_demo.util;

import cn.hutool.core.date.DateUtil;
import com.sqm.minio_demo.config.MinioProperties;
import com.sqm.minio_demo.entity.UploadResponse;
import io.minio.*;
import io.minio.errors.*;
import io.minio.messages.Bucket;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import net.coobird.thumbnailator.Thumbnails;

import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItem;

import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItemFactory;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.disk.DiskFileItemFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartFile;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Optional;
import java.util.Random;

@Component
@Slf4j
public class MinioUtil {

    @Autowired
    private MinioProperties minioProperties;

    @Autowired
    private MinioClient minioClient;

    private final Long maxSize = (long) (1024 * 1024);

    /**
     * 创立bucket
     */
    public void createBucket(String bucketName) throws Exception {
        if (!minioClient.bucketExists(BucketExistsArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).build())) {
            minioClient.makeBucket(MakeBucketArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).build());
        }
    }

    /**
     * 上传文件
     */
    public UploadResponse uploadFile(MultipartFile file, String bucketName) throws Exception {
        //判断文件是否为空
        if (null == file || 0 == file.getSize()) {
            return null;
        }
        //判断存储桶是否存在  不存在则创立
        createBucket(bucketName);
        //文件名
        String originalFilename = file.getOriginalFilename();
        //新的文件名 = 工夫戳_随机数.后缀名
        assert originalFilename != null;
        long now = System.currentTimeMillis() / 1000;
        String fileName = DateUtil.format(DateUtil.date(),"yyyyMMdd")+"_"+ now + "_" + new Random().nextInt(1000) +
                originalFilename.substring(originalFilename.lastIndexOf("."));
        //开始上传
        log.info("file压缩前大小:{}",file.getSize());
        if (file.getSize() > maxSize) {
            FileItemFactory fileItemFactory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
            FileItem fileItem = fileItemFactory.createItem(fileName, "text/plain", true, fileName);
            OutputStream outputStream = fileItem.getOutputStream();
            Thumbnails.of(file.getInputStream()).scale(1f).outputFormat(originalFilename.substring(originalFilename.lastIndexOf(".")+1)).outputQuality(0.25f).toOutputStream(outputStream);
            file = new CommonsMultipartFile(fileItem);
        }
        log.info("file压缩后大小:{}",file.getSize());
        minioClient.putObject(
                PutObjectArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(fileName).stream(
                        file.getInputStream(), file.getSize(), -1)
                        .contentType(file.getContentType())
                        .build());
        String url = minioProperties.getEndpoint() + "/" + bucketName + "/" + fileName;
        String urlHost = minioProperties.getNginxHost() + "/" + bucketName + "/" + fileName;
        return new UploadResponse(url, urlHost);
    }

    /**
     * 获取全副bucket
     *
     * @return
     */
    public List<Bucket> getAllBuckets() throws Exception {
        return minioClient.listBuckets();
    }

    /**
     * 依据bucketName获取信息
     *
     * @param bucketName bucket名称
     */
    public Optional<Bucket> getBucket(String bucketName) throws IOException, InvalidKeyException, NoSuchAlgorithmException, InsufficientDataException, InvalidResponseException, InternalException, ErrorResponseException, ServerException, XmlParserException, ServerException {
        return minioClient.listBuckets().stream().filter(b -> b.name().equals(bucketName)).findFirst();
    }

    /**
     * 依据bucketName删除信息
     *
     * @param bucketName bucket名称
     */
    public void removeBucket(String bucketName) throws Exception {
        minioClient.removeBucket(RemoveBucketArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).build());
    }

    /**
     * 获取⽂件外链
     *
     * @param bucketName bucket名称
     * @param objectName ⽂件名称
     * @param expires    过期工夫 <=7
     * @return url
     */
    public String getObjectURL(String bucketName, String objectName, Integer expires) throws Exception {
        return minioClient.getPresignedObjectUrl(GetPresignedObjectUrlArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(objectName).expiry(expires).build());
    }

    /**
     * 获取⽂件
     *
     * @param bucketName bucket名称
     * @param objectName ⽂件名称
     * @return ⼆进制流
     */
    public InputStream getObject(String bucketName, String objectName) throws Exception {
        return minioClient.getObject(GetObjectArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(objectName).build());
    }

    /**
     * 上传⽂件
     *
     * @param bucketName bucket名称
     * @param objectName ⽂件名称
     * @param stream     ⽂件流
     * @throws Exception https://docs.minio.io/cn/java-minioClient-api-reference.html#putObject
     */
    public void putObject(String bucketName, String objectName, InputStream stream) throws
            Exception {
        minioClient.putObject(PutObjectArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(objectName).stream(stream, stream.available(), -1).contentType(objectName.substring(objectName.lastIndexOf("."))).build());
    }

    /**
     * 上传⽂件
     *
     * @param bucketName  bucket名称
     * @param objectName  ⽂件名称
     * @param stream      ⽂件流
     * @param size        ⼤⼩
     * @param contextType 类型
     * @throws Exception https://docs.minio.io/cn/java-minioClient-api-reference.html#putObject
     */
    public void putObject(String bucketName, String objectName, InputStream stream, long
            size, String contextType) throws Exception {
        minioClient.putObject(PutObjectArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(objectName).stream(stream, size, -1).contentType(contextType).build());
    }

    /**
     * 获取⽂件信息
     *
     * @param bucketName bucket名称
     * @param objectName ⽂件名称
     * @throws Exception https://docs.minio.io/cn/java-minioClient-api-reference.html#statObject
     */
    public StatObjectResponse getObjectInfo(String bucketName, String objectName) throws Exception {
        return minioClient.statObject(StatObjectArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(objectName).build());
    }

    /**
     * 删除⽂件
     *
     * @param bucketName bucket名称
     * @param objectName ⽂件名称
     * @throws Exception https://docs.minio.io/cn/java-minioClient-apireference.html#removeObject
     */
    public void removeObject(String bucketName, String objectName) throws Exception {
        minioClient.removeObject(RemoveObjectArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(objectName).build());
    }

    /***
     * 上传视频
     * @param file
     * @param bucketName
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public UploadResponse uploadVideo(MultipartFile file, String bucketName) throws Exception {
        //判断文件是否为空
        if (null == file || 0 == file.getSize()) {
            return null;
        }
        //判断存储桶是否存在  不存在则创立
        createBucket(bucketName);
        //文件名
        String originalFilename = file.getOriginalFilename();
        //新的文件名 = 工夫戳_随机数.后缀名
        assert originalFilename != null;
        long now = System.currentTimeMillis() / 1000;
        String fileName = DateUtil.format(DateUtil.date(),"yyyyMMdd")+"_"+ now + "_" + new Random().nextInt(1000) +
                originalFilename.substring(originalFilename.lastIndexOf("."));
        //开始上传
        log.info("file大小:{}",file.getSize());
        minioClient.putObject(
                PutObjectArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(fileName).stream(
                        file.getInputStream(), file.getSize(), -1)
                        .contentType("video/mp4")
                        .build());
        String url = minioProperties.getEndpoint() + "/" + bucketName + "/" + fileName;
        String urlHost = minioProperties.getNginxHost() + "/" + bucketName + "/" + fileName;
        return new UploadResponse(url, urlHost);
    }
}

测试上传文件 Controller

package com.sqm.minio_demo.controller;

import com.sqm.minio_demo.entity.ResultData;
import com.sqm.minio_demo.entity.UploadResponse;
import com.sqm.minio_demo.util.MinioUtil;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;

@RestController
@Slf4j
public class TestController {

    @Autowired
    private MinioUtil minioUtil;

    /**
     * @author: xx
     * @date: 2022/5/25 15:32
     * @description: 上传文件
     */
    @PostMapping("/upload")
    public ResultData minioUpload(@RequestParam(value = "file") MultipartFile file){
        UploadResponse response = null;
        try {
            response = minioUtil.uploadFile(file, "bucket01");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("上传失败",e);
        }
        return ResultData.ok(response);
    }

    /**
     * @author: xx
     * @date: 2022/5/25 15:32
     * @description: 上传视频
     */
    @PostMapping("/uploadVideo")
    public ResultData uploadVideo(@RequestParam(value = "file") MultipartFile file){
        UploadResponse response = null;
        try {
            response = minioUtil.uploadVideo(file, "video-test");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("上传失败",e);
        }
        return ResultData.ok(response);
    }

}

测试上传

控制台也能够看到上传的视频

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